New California is a new state in development exercising its constitutional Right to form from the State of California as codified under Article IV Section 3 of the United States Constitution and in the United States Declaration of Independence. As a border and coastal state, Californian culture has been greatly influenced by several large immigrant populations, especially those from Latin America and Asia. [302] In socio-cultural mores and national politics, Californians are perceived as more liberal than other Americans, especially those who live in the inland states. Subsequent locations included Vallejo (1852–1853), and nearby Benicia (1853–1854); these locations eventually proved to be inadequate as well. The 1932 and 1984 summer games were held in Los Angeles. average). [171] More than half of illegal immigrants originate from Mexico. From confrontations in the tense years before the Civil War to the recent work to help the state through the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, California's legislature and the people who have served in it have an amazing and rich history. With over 39.5 million residents across a total area of approximately 163,696 square miles (423,970 km 2), it is the most populous and the third-largest U.S. state by … Conversely, San Francisco, with nearly one-quarter the population density of Manhattan, is the most densely populated city in California and one of the most densely populated cities in the United States. In the western part of the state is Clear Lake, the largest freshwater lake by area entirely in California. * Street Address * City * Zip. The county government provides countywide services such as law enforcement, jails, elections and voter registration, vital records, property assessment and records, tax collection, public health, health care, social services, libraries, flood control, fire protection, animal control, agricultural regulations, building inspections, ambulance services, and education departments in charge of maintaining statewide standards. State Capitol, Room 4076, Sacramento, CA 95814-4900; (916) 651-4026 In 1846, a group of American settlers in and around Sonoma rebelled against Mexican rule during the Bear Flag Revolt. For state withholding, use the worksheets on this form. California is the third-largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), California sent gold shipments eastwards to Washington in support of the Union. [279] At the primary election, the two candidates with the top votes will advance to the general election regardless of party affiliation. California's mountains produce rain shadows on the eastern side, creating extensive deserts. Each county is governed by an elected board of supervisors.[287]. Trade, intermarriage and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups. [174] Californios are the Hispanic residents native to California, who make up the Spanish-speaking community that has existed in California since 1542, of varying Mexican American/Chicano, Criollo Spaniard, and Mestizo origin. Cal. [226], California's economy is dependent on trade and international related commerce accounts for about one-quarter of the state's economy. In the nineteenth century, a large number of migrants from China traveled to the state as part of the Gold Rush or to seek work. [199], California has nineteen major professional sports league franchises, far more than any other state. [196] The American Jewish Year Book placed the total Jewish population of California at about 1,194,190 in 2006. In 1998 Senator Davis was elected to the Idaho State Senate. ", "Report Says Public Schools in California Are 'Broken'—New York Times", "85,000 students seek admission to Berkeley's 2017–18 freshman class", "UCLA breaks several records with 2017 freshman applications", "Rising number of rejections raises fears that Long Beach is becoming 'elite' university", "California's Sister State Relationships | Senate Office of International Relations", "GDP by State—U.S. This includes the relatively cool summers of the Humboldt Bay region around Eureka, the extreme heat of Death Valley, and the mountain climate of Mammoth in the Sierra Nevada. About 37,000 earthquakes are recorded each year, but most are too small to be felt.[120]. [175], As of 2011[update], 75.1% of California's population younger than age 1 were minorities, meaning they had at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white (white Hispanics are counted as minorities). [note 2], As of 2018, the average life expectancy in California was 80.8 years, above the national average of 78.7, which is the second highest in the country. For an overview of the legislative process in California, please visit the Citizen's guide to the legislative process at the Capitol Museum website. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. California is a state in the Western United States.It is bordered by Nevada to the east, Arizona to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Oregon to the north, and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. Birds such as the kingfisher, chickadee, towhee, and hummingbird thrive here as well. For state withholding, use the worksheets on this form. Fish & Wildlife Service: Species Reports: Listings and occurrences for California", "California Grew By 356,000 Residents in 2013", "1990 Census of Population and Housing, Unit Counts, United States, 1990 CPH-2-1", "American Indian Civics Project: Indians of Northern California: A Case Study of Federal, State, and Vigilante Intervention, 1850–1860", "Table 4. Although most of the state has a Mediterranean climate, due to the state's large size the climate ranges from polar to subtropical. Even the San Diego shoreline bordering Mexico is cooler in summer than most areas in the contiguous United States. Birds unique to this zone are the California thrasher, bushtit, and California condor. California's population is greater than that of all but 34 countries of the world. California has long had many respected collegiate sports programs. Please contact the local office nearest you. In the south is a large inland salt lake, the Salton Sea. [309], Coordinates: 37°N 120°W / 37°N 120°W / 37; -120 (State of California), This article is about the State of California. The lowest temperature in California was −45 °F (−43 °C) on January 20, 1937, in Boca.[123]. "Here are which states have the longest life expectancies — and which have the shortest". California has twelve dioceses and two archdioceses, the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and the Archdiocese of San Francisco, the former being the largest archdiocese in the United States. Const. California manufactured 8.7 percent of total United States military armaments produced during World War II, ranking third (behind New York and Michigan) among the 48 states. [245] On June 27, 2013, Governor Jerry Brown signed a balanced budget (no deficit) for the state, its first in decades; however the state's debt remains at $132 billion. The site is still a work in progress and we are striving to provide you and committees with features that streamline the overall position letter process. In 1998 Senator Davis was elected to the Idaho State Senate. [295], In 2010, Los Angeles County was the largest origin of military recruits in the United States by county, with 1,437 individuals enlisting in the military. You did not owe any federal/state income tax last year, and 2. Property tax increases are capped at 2% annually or the rate of inflation (whichever is lower), per Proposition 13. California's mountain ranges also influence the climate: some of the rainiest parts of the state are west-facing mountain slopes. They serve four-year terms and may be re-elected only once.[280]. In AB 1887, the California Legislature determined that "California must take action to avoid supporting or financing discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people."(Gov. [154], Sacramento became California's first incorporated city on February 27, 1850. They are responsible for providing any police-sanctioned service to anyone on California's state-maintained highways and on state property. We value your input which will help us further improve the position letter process. A Pew Research Center survey revealed that California is somewhat less religious than the rest of the states: 62 percent of Californians say they are "absolutely certain" of their belief in God, while in the nation 71 percent say so. The Eel River and Salinas River each drain portions of the California coast, north and south of San Francisco Bay, respectively. For an overview of the legislative process in California, please visit the Citizen's guide to the legislative process at the Capitol Museum website. [116], About 45 percent of the state's total surface area is covered by forests,[117] and California's diversity of pine species is unmatched by any other state. There are about a dozen important commercial airports and many more general aviation airports throughout the state. (2003-2004) Search by Address, Citizen's The California High-Speed Rail Authority was created in 1996 by the state to implement an extensive 800-mile (1,300 km) rail system. [146], Within the Western hemisphere California is the second most populous sub-national administrative entity (behind the state of São Paulo in Brazil)[147] and third most populous sub-national entity of any kind outside Asia (in which wider category it also ranks behind England in the United Kingdom, which has no administrative functions). [250], As a result of the state's strong environmental movement, California has some of the most aggressive renewable energy goals in the United States, with a target for California to obtain a third of its electricity from renewables by 2020. The California Public Records Act (Statutes of 1968, Chapter 1473; currently codified as Chapter 3.5 of Division 7 of Title 1 of the California Government Code) was a law passed by the California State Legislature and signed by then-governor Ronald Reagan in 1968 requiring inspection or disclosure of governmental records to the public upon request, unless exempted by law. The western portion of Alta California was then organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850, following the Compromise of 1850. These services are the busiest intercity rail lines in the United States outside the Northeast Corridor and ridership is continuing to set records. Two prominent California landmarks representing the state's mass media and entertainment: the. Just a few miles inland, summer temperature extremes are significantly higher, with downtown Los Angeles being several degrees warmer than at the coast. 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